Originally Posted by LorienTheYounger
What if the plans to make Indian Territory (present-day eastern Oklahoma) into the State of Sequoyah went ahead, rather than OTL's forced merging with Oklahoma?
The state would be a typical southern state, probably culturally and politically like Arkansas. It is necessary to remember that, by 1900, whites already outnumbered American Indians in Indian Territory (the Five Nations area), and many in leadership among the Five Nations were acculturated mixed-blood people, or euro-americans who had married into the tribes. The state would probably have a much higher % of American Indian citizens (maybe 20-30%), but many would be culturally indistinguishable from other rural southerners. It is possible (but uncertain) that statehood for Sequoyah may have helped preserve some traditional native practices "under cover", in much the same way that Utah statehood helped the LDS church to be the de facto state church of Utah for many years.
The state would be Democratic (as was the rest of the south in the early 20th century). In fact, this is the main reason TR and the republicans did not support separate statehood for Indian and Oklahoma Territories. It would also be segregationist as well. Again, one needs to remember that the Five Nations were slaveholders and largely allied with the CSA during the civil war. They would have been just as resistant to full citizenship rights for blacks as other southern states - maybe even more so. Even today the Cherokee and Seminole Nations of Oklahoma have resisted granting full tribal citizenship to "freedmen" - former slaves held by tribal people.